Barriers Of The New World

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The EINSTEIN-STEFAN ENCOUNTERS:Time Hopping Travel—Transcending the Barriers of Time

The EINSTEIN-STEFAN ENCOUNTERS:Time Hopping Travel—Transcending the Barriers of Time Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: Stefan University Press (November7, 2016)
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The EINSTEIN-STEFAN ENCOUNTERS:Time Hopping Travel—Transcending the Barriers of Time by , Summary

Stefan University Press Series on Thus Spoke Einstein; ISSN: 1550-4115 Einstein's opinions on science, art, and society. Time-Hopping Travel—Transcending the Barriers of Time The imaginary conversations (encounters) between Albert Einstein and Vladislav Alexander Stefan. The topics discussed include, among others, the Nature of She-Time, the Time-Travel-Modes, the Human-Immortality-Codes, and the World Government, as found in Stefan’s Faustef Trilogy, SURSORSAR (Secret Pure Wisdom), and the Open World Manifesto.

The New World of Welfare

The New World of Welfare Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Rebecca M. Blank,Ron Haskins
Editor: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 0815798377
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The New World of Welfare by Rebecca M. Blank,Ron Haskins Summary

Congress must reauthorize the sweeping 1996 welfare reform legislation by October 1, 2002. A number of issues that were prominent in the 1995-96 battle over welfare reform are likely to resurface in the debate over reauthorization. Among those issues are the five-year time limit, provisions to reduce out-of-wedlock births, the adequacy of child care funding, problems with Medicaid and food stamp receipt by working families, and work requirements. Funding levels are also certain to be controversial. Fiscal conservatives will try to lower grant spending levels, while states will seek to maintain them and gain additional discretion in the use of funds. Finally, a movement to encourage states to promote marriage among low-income families is already taking shape. The need for reauthorization presents an opportunity to assess what welfare reform has accomplished and what remains to be done. The New World of Welfare is an attempt to frame the policy debate for reauthorization, and to inform the policy discussion among the states and at the federal level, especially by drawing lessons from research on the effects of welfare reform. In the book, a diverse set of welfare experts—liberal and conservative, academic and nonacademic—engage in rigorous debate on topics ranging from work experience programs, to job availability, to child well-being, to family formation. In order to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of research on welfare reform, the contributors cover subjects including work and wages, effects of reform on family income and poverty, the politics of conservative welfare reform, sanctions and time limits, financial work incentives for low-wage earners, the use of medicaid and food stamps, welfare-to-work, child support, child care, and welfare reform and immigration. Preparation of the volume was supported by funds from the Annie E. Casey Foundation and the Charles Stewart Mott Foundation.

Hidden Barriers In The Set Up

Hidden Barriers In The Set Up Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sam Oputa
Editor: New York Bookz
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Hidden Barriers In The Set Up by Sam Oputa Summary

What therefore, is the incentive to create poor people and legislate a means to keep them down? Did I hear you say capitalism? You are right. The status quo must be maintained. Some may not see hypocrisy in this. But, let us think about this rationally. If non-blacks were to empathize (for lack of a better word) with white folks, what will be a reason to discriminate against others and institutionalize racism? Let’s look at a few angles. 1.Hatred? Hatred or hate is a deep emotional and extreme dislike. Such hatred can be directed against certain individuals or groups. To say hatred is the reason to keep non-whites poor will be far-fetched. Even when non-whites were slaves, they had cherished values of—live and let live. Disdain? May be, but definitely, not hatred. 2.Fear? Fear is a phobia. Phobia is the extreme aversion embedded deep in our psyches, activated when we come face-to-face with that which we fear. Some people—mostly non blacks—are afraid of black people. Is it a fear based on facts or a belief that the black man is inherently bad or is it a fear of repercussion emanating from what our grandfathers did to the black man? This angle is worth pursuing but then, it is just a very lethal phobia. 3.Greed? This is more like it. Greed is good for those at the top. Greed is good for the few landowners represented by corporations now. The rich have a need to create an imaginary enemy. They do not want to be seen as the enemy just like the corporations don’t want you to know that they manage the world’s resources for a select few. They hand out some minute resources, here and there to the operators/managers of the corporations, who are the middle class. Thus, the middle class thinks they are buddy-buddy with the landowners. The landowners must provide an incentive so as to maintain a grip at their corporations, so the design is to make the middle class believe that the lower class is at that level because they are lazy and seeking handouts. Were black people lazy during slavery? Did black folks seek handouts during slavery? Of course, they received handouts in shapes of chit lings, pig feet and cow feet. How all of a sudden, blacks became lazy, as soon as slavery was “over”. Can you begin to see the design now? 4.By design? It is a design in plain sight. Many people cannot see it. Those who see it, are incapable to do anything about it because by design, the whole plot has been legislated into law. Just like apartheid, the various governments and departments at many levels justified the discrimination, through laws the oppressed cannot surmount. It was so then and it is so today with little or no legislative modification in sight. Have you ever imagined why the 44th president of United States is having so much problems with the Congress? You think the Congress populated by mostly old white men are giving the black president a tough time because of race? Or, you think they hate the first black president of the union? If you answered yes to any of these questions you are yet to understand the workings of a country, some have christened “God’s own Country”. The fear of a black president undoing four hundred years of discriminative laws, the phobia of taking down the protections of the rich landowners and the enforcers of that protection led to a section of a congress to proclaim from day 1 of the black president’s inauguration: “if Obama wants it, we reject it right off the bat.” This simply means, an opposition to President Obama’s policies on all fronts. Some were not hiding their enthusiasm for an Obama failure, they worked for it. They feared an Obama presidency that might implement programs that would invite non-whites to participate thus engaging in capitalism. Slogans like “take our country back” were dusted up for re-use. It was strategic. They were all noises meant to drown some of Obama’s signature programs like the affordable care act, popularly known as Obamacare. It has always been by design.

The New World Economy: A Beginner's Guide

The New World Economy: A Beginner's Guide Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Randy Charles Epping
Editor: Vintage
ISBN: 0525563210
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The New World Economy: A Beginner's Guide by Randy Charles Epping Summary

What is blockchain? What is Bitcoin? How can central banks be instrumental in guiding a nation's economy? What are the underlying causes of trade deficits? Do trade wars actually help the domestic economy? How has the behavior of millennials and Generation Z affected the global economy? Find out all this and more in this definitive guide to the world economy. As the global economic landscape shifts at an increasing rate, it's more important than ever that citizens understand the building blocks of the new world economy. In this lively guide, Randy Charles Epping cuts through the jargon to explain the fundamentals. In thirty-six engaging chapters, Epping lays bare everything from NGOs and nonprofits to AI and data mining. With a comprehensive glossary and absolutely no graphs, The New World Economy: A Beginner's Guide is essential reading for anyone who wants to understand what is going on in the world around them. This timely book is a vital resource for today's chaotic world.

The New World of Economics

The New World of Economics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard B. McKenzie,Gordon Tullock
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642273645
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The New World of Economics by Richard B. McKenzie,Gordon Tullock Summary

The New World of Economics, 6th edition, by Richard McKenzie and Gordon Tullock, represents a revival of a classic text that, when it was first published, changed substantially the way economics would be taught at the introductory and advanced levels of economics for all time. In a very real sense, many contemporary general-audience economics books that seek to apply the “economic way of thinking” to an unbounded array of social issues have grown out of the disciplinary tradition established by earlier editions of The New World of Economics. This new edition of The New World will expose new generations of economics students to how McKenzie and Tullock have applied in a lucid manner a relatively small number of economic concepts and principles to a cluster of topics that have been in the book from its first release and to a larger number of topics that are new to this edition, with the focus of the new topics on showing students how economic thinking can be applied to business decision making. This edition continues the book’s tradition of taking contrarian stances on important economic issues. Economics professors have long reported that The New World is a rare book in that students will read it without being required to do so.

Migrating to Opportunity

Migrating to Opportunity Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Mauro Testaverde,Harry Moroz,Claire H. Hollweg,Achim Schmillen
Editor: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 1464811083
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Migrating to Opportunity by Mauro Testaverde,Harry Moroz,Claire H. Hollweg,Achim Schmillen Summary

The movement of people in Southeast Asia is an issue of increasing importance. Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are now the origin of 8 percent of the world's migrants. These countries host only 4 percent of the world's migrants but intra-regional migration has turned Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand into regional migration hubs that are home to 6.5 million ASEAN migrants. However, significant international and domestic labor mobility costs limit the ability of workers to change firms, sectors, and geographies in ASEAN. This report takes an innovative approach to estimate the costs for workers to migrate internationally. Singapore and Malaysia have the lowest international labor mobility costs in ASEAN while workers migrating to Myanmar and Vietnam have the highest costs. Singapore and Malaysia's more developed migration systems are a key reason for their lower labor mobility costs. How easily workers can move to take advantage of new opportunities is important in determining how they fare under the increased economic integration planned for ASEAN. To study this question, the report simulates how worker welfare is affected by enhanced trade integration under different scenarios of labor mobility costs. Region-wide, worker welfare would be 14 percent higher if barriers to mobility were reduced for skilled workers, and an additional 29 percent if barriers to mobility were lowered for all workers. Weaknesses in migration systems increase international labor mobility costs, but policy reforms can help. Destination countries should work toward systems that are responsive to economic needs and consistent with domestic policies. Sending countries should balance protections for migrant workers with the needs of economic development.

Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations

Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Blustein
Editor: PublicAffairs
ISBN: 0786746203
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Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations by Paul Blustein Summary

As a linchpin of global capitalism, the World Trade Organization is both revered and reviled. In this book, financial journalist Paul Blustein tells the surprisingly entertaining and compelling story of how the WTO is sliding into dysfunctionality—which poses a new and grave menace to globalization itself. In more than seven years of global talks the WTO has struggled and failed to resolve contentious differences between rich and developing nations. Now, with a worldwide recession underway, the WTO's failure is contributing to a rise in protectionism—a sign that the world may not be so flat after all. Misadventures of the Most Favored Nations recounts, in vivid detail, how the highstakes negotiations went awry. At risk, Blustein argues, is the fate of the system that for six decades has opened the global economy and kept it from splintering.

Blood-Spinal Cord and Brain Barriers in Health and Disease

Blood-Spinal Cord and Brain Barriers in Health and Disease Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Hari Shanker Sharma
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080528228
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Blood-Spinal Cord and Brain Barriers in Health and Disease by Hari Shanker Sharma Summary

Recent research into the anatomy and pathophysiology of the blood-brain and blood-spinal cord barriers suggests that a breakdown in these barriers can result in several diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This book presents new findings in the area of blood-brain barrier research that suggest barriers play important roles in health and disease conditions. It also discusses the development of new drugs that can modulate the barrier function in the CNS and may provide new approaches to treating neurological diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and other motor neuron diseases, as well as spinal cord trauma. Key Features * Presents the recent progress made in the research on the blood-brain and spinal cord barrier * Contains numerous illustrations of light and electron micrographs * Includes Foreword written by two eminent researchers in the field, Milton Brightman and Jorge Cervos-Navarro

Wonder and Exile in the New World

Wonder and Exile in the New World Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alex Nava
Editor: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271069848
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Wonder and Exile in the New World by Alex Nava Summary

In Wonder and Exile in the New World, Alex Nava explores the border regions between wonder and exile, particularly in relation to the New World. It traces the preoccupation with the concept of wonder in the history of the Americas, beginning with the first European encounters, goes on to investigate later representations in the Baroque age, and ultimately enters the twentieth century with the emergence of so-called magical realism. In telling the story of wonder in the New World, Nava gives special attention to the part it played in the history of violence and exile, either as a force that supported and reinforced the Conquest or as a voice of resistance and decolonization. Focusing on the work of New World explorers, writers, and poets—and their literary descendants—Nava finds that wonder and exile have been two of the most significant metaphors within Latin American cultural, literary, and religious representations. Beginning with the period of the Conquest, especially with Cabeza de Vaca and Las Casas, continuing through the Baroque with Cervantes and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, and moving into the twentieth century with Alejo Carpentier and Miguel Ángel Asturias, Nava produces a historical study of Latin American narrative in which religious and theological perspectives figure prominently.

Divergence with Genetic Exchange

Divergence with Genetic Exchange Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael L. Arnold
Editor: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191038903
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Divergence with Genetic Exchange by Michael L. Arnold Summary

The study of genetic exchange resulting from natural hybridization, horizontal gene transfer, and viral recombination has long been marked by controversy between researchers holding different conceptual frameworks. Those subscribing to a doctrine of 'species purity' have traditionally been reluctant to recognise inferences suggesting anything other than a marginal role for non-allopatric divergence leading to gene transfer between different lineages. However, an increasing number of evolutionary biologists now accept that there is a growing body of evidence indicating the existence of non-allopatric diversification across many lineages and all domains of biological diversity. Divergence with Genetic Exchange investigates the mechanisms associated with evolutionary divergence and diversification, focussing on the role played by the exchange of genes between divergent lineages, a process recently termed 'divergence-with-gene-flow'. Although the mechanisms by which such divergent forms of life exchange genomic material may differ widely, the outcomes of interest - adaptive evolution and the formation of new hybrid lineages - do not. Successive chapters cover the history of the field, detection methodologies, outcomes, implications for conservation programs, and the effects on the human lineage associated with the process of genetic transfer between divergent lineages. This research level text is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate level students taking related courses in departments of genetics, ecology and evolution. It will also be of relevance and use to professional evolutionary biologists and systematists seeking a comprehensive and authoritative overview of this rapidly expanding field.

Barriers to Effective Civil Society Organisations

Barriers to Effective Civil Society Organisations Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Ibrahim Natil,Vanessa Malila,Youcef Sai
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1000163881
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Barriers to Effective Civil Society Organisations by Ibrahim Natil,Vanessa Malila,Youcef Sai Summary

This book provides an insight into the historical changes and present-day circumstances that have influenced, and continue to influence, the development and future of civil society. Civil society organisations (CSOs) play a crucial role in international development, however their impact on policy and practice is limited by a range of shifts across their political, social and financial landscapes. Barriers to Effective Civil Society Organisations is divided into three parts addressing each of these shifts in turn, and places particular emphasis on civil society actors linked not only by political constraints, but also by ethnic and cultural diversities that are crucial markers of political and social identity. This book draws on case studies from across Latin America, Africa, MENA and Ireland to highlight how CSOs in these countries are shaped by, and react to, shifting challenges. Reflecting on solutions for the sector, the authors provide an understanding of the various ‘self-accommodation’ policies and techniques employed by CSOs in order to continue their services and increase their credibility across global contexts. Aimed at researchers, policy makers and CSO/NGO workers looking to better understand the current state and future of the sector from the perspective of emerging scholars working in these regions, and in the Global South in particular, this innovative book is a celebration of the important work of CSOs and a reaffirmation of their right to sit at the policy table.

Institutional Barriers to Sustainable Transport

Institutional Barriers to Sustainable Transport Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Carey Curtis,Nicholas Low
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317115864
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Institutional Barriers to Sustainable Transport by Carey Curtis,Nicholas Low Summary

In a world seeking to tackle global environmental problems such as climate change, the importance of local and national institutional change to deal most effectively with these issues is critical. This book presents an investigation of the institutional barriers preventing the development of a new vision for urban transport compatible with these realities and in those terms 'sustainable'. Through an examination of transport planning in Australia, the book challenges conventional wisdom by showing, through original research, how 'car dependence' is as much an institutional as a technical phenomenon. The authors' case studies in three metropolitan cities show how transport policy has become institutionally fixated on a path dominated by private, road-based transport and how policy systems become encrusted around investment to accommodate private cars, erecting an impenetrable barrier against more sustainable mobility and accessibility solutions. Representing a new approach to understanding transport policy, this book brings sophisticated political-institutional analysis to what has traditionally been the domain of engineering and technology. The authors connect the empirical content to this theory and the issue of sustainability making the findings applicable to most cities of the developed world, and to fields beyond transport planning. A strategy and program of action is outlined to take advantage of changing public perceptions and aimed at creating a new vision for urban transport.

Industries, Firms, and Jobs

Industries, Firms, and Jobs Pdf/ePub eBook Author: George Farkas
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351512684
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Industries, Firms, and Jobs by George Farkas Summary

What are the links among industrial structure, segmentation, the internal structure of firms, job characteristics, technology, productivity, labor markets, and product markets? The answers, posited by a distinguished group of sociologists and economists, have gained resonance as the field of economic sociology has grown. In this expanded edition, the editors and their economist colleague, Kevin Lang, explore the theoretical interstices and update the references.Sociologists and economists have responded differently to work within the other discipline. For some sociologists, the typical economic assumption of basic actors engaged in rational action is both unrealistic and objectionable. Other sociologists have not always agreed with everything economists do, they have seen ""rational choice"" as a partially true description of human behavior and as a starting point for sociological theorizing. Among economists, the situation is quite different: most have maintained their basic rational choice model while pushing aggressively into substantive areas previously addressed only by sociologists and political scientists.Industries, Firms, and Jobs is a welcome reassertion of an old tradition of interdisciplinary research. That tradition has recently weakened, largely because of an enormous expansion of the domain of neoclassical economics. The expansion has fed on two scientific developments: human capital theory and contract theory. This book is an invaluable resource for all economists, sociologists, labor specialists, and business professionals.

Industrial Shift: The Structure of the New World Economy

Industrial Shift: The Structure of the New World Economy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: J. Atikian
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137340312
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Industrial Shift: The Structure of the New World Economy by J. Atikian Summary

In a turbulent global economy, the popular idea of declining farms and factories is largely unfounded. UN and World Bank data show growing output everywhere, but it remains hidden by the faster-growing service sector. Engineers, programmers, surgeons, and pilots make up an increasing share of what is actually the service sector, showing that this sector is not in decline. There is no doubt that industries are shifting, but how does it all add up? Quantifying these technology-driven shifts is fundamental, yet such publication has lagged for years, with stale ideas about what makes a healthy economy persisting since the 1940s. In this new work, Atikian gives us a freshly updated overview countering our tired assumptions about off-shoring, low wages, and industrial decline and providing us with...some fact based confidence in the economy.

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids

The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids Pdf/ePub eBook Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda
Editor: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309453070
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The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Health Effects of Marijuana: An Evidence Review and Research Agenda Summary

Significant changes have taken place in the policy landscape surrounding cannabis legalization, production, and use. During the past 20 years, 25 states and the District of Columbia have legalized cannabis and/or cannabidiol (a component of cannabis) for medical conditions or retail sales at the state level and 4 states have legalized both the medical and recreational use of cannabis. These landmark changes in policy have impacted cannabis use patterns and perceived levels of risk. However, despite this changing landscape, evidence regarding the short- and long-term health effects of cannabis use remains elusive. While a myriad of studies have examined cannabis use in all its various forms, often these research conclusions are not appropriately synthesized, translated for, or communicated to policy makers, health care providers, state health officials, or other stakeholders who have been charged with influencing and enacting policies, procedures, and laws related to cannabis use. Unlike other controlled substances such as alcohol or tobacco, no accepted standards for safe use or appropriate dose are available to help guide individuals as they make choices regarding the issues of if, when, where, and how to use cannabis safely and, in regard to therapeutic uses, effectively. Shifting public sentiment, conflicting and impeded scientific research, and legislative battles have fueled the debate about what, if any, harms or benefits can be attributed to the use of cannabis or its derivatives, and this lack of aggregated knowledge has broad public health implications. The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids provides a comprehensive review of scientific evidence related to the health effects and potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis. This report provides a research agendaâ€"outlining gaps in current knowledge and opportunities for providing additional insight into these issuesâ€"that summarizes and prioritizes pressing research needs.

Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil

Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sérgio R. Dillenburg,Patrick A. Hesp
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3540447717
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Geology and Geomorphology of Holocene Coastal Barriers of Brazil by Sérgio R. Dillenburg,Patrick A. Hesp Summary

This is the first book to cover the Holocene geology and geomorphology of the 9,200 kilometers of the Brazilian coast. It is written for third and fourth year undergraduates, post-graduate students, scientists and man- ers. It characterizes the Brazilian coast in terms of the Holocene geology, geomorphology, oceanographic and climatic conditions, and the location, morphology and evolution of the barrier types. Separate chapters outline the types of barriers and coastal dynamics in each state, beginning in the south and proceeding to the north. Some emphasis is placed on the stretches of coast where the detailed morphology and stratigraphy of b- riers has been previously determined. To date, the Brazilian coastal barriers have been largely ignored by the international community, partly perhaps because much of the past research has tended to concentrate on barrier islands, of which there are very few in Brazil. In contrast, the Brazilian coastal barriers display a much wider range of types than is generally assumed. The biggest and most spectacular transgressive dunefield barriers in the world exist in Brazil, and dominate the southern and northeastern coasts. Many have never been described - fore. This volume provides a wealth of information on Holocene barrier types, evolution and dynamics. It provides managers, ecologists, biologists and botanists with much needed information on the geology, geomorph- ogy and dynamics of the genesis, types, functioning and ecosystems of the Holocene barriers extending along the entire Brazilian coast.

Overcoming Barriers to Student Understanding

Overcoming Barriers to Student Understanding Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Jan Meyer,Ray Land
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 113418994X
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Overcoming Barriers to Student Understanding by Jan Meyer,Ray Land Summary

It has long been a matter of concern to teachers in higher education why certain students ‘get stuck’ at particular points in the curriculum whilst others grasp concepts with comparative ease. What accounts for this variation in student performance and, more importantly, how can teachers change their teaching and courses to help students overcome such barriers? This book examines the difficulties of student learning and offers advice on how to overcome them through course design, assessment practice and teaching methods. It also provides innovative case material from a wide range of institutions and disciplines, including the social sciences, the humanities, the sciences and economics.

Misunderstanding Asia

Misunderstanding Asia Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gilbert Rozman
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 1137506725
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Misunderstanding Asia by Gilbert Rozman Summary

In this volume, experts on East Asia focus on each of the past five decades to explain the weak predictive power of traditional IR theory as applied to the region and uncover the true forces driving change.

World of Walls

World of Walls Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Said Saddiki
Editor: Open Book Publishers
ISBN: 1783743719
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World of Walls by Said Saddiki Summary

"We’re going to build a wall.” Borders have been drawn since the beginning of time, but in recent years artificial barriers have become increasingly significant to the political conversation across the world. Donald Trump was elected President of the United States while promising to build a wall on the Mexico border, and in Europe, the international movements of migrants and refugees have sparked fierce discussion about whether and how countries should restrict access to their territory by erecting physical barriers. Virtual walls are also built and crushed at increasing speed. In the post-9/11 era there is a greater danger from so-called "transnational non-state actors”, and computer hacking and cyberterrorism threaten to overwhelm our technological barriers. In this timely and original book, Said Saddiki scrutinises the physical and virtual walls located in four continents, including Israel, India, the southern EU border, Morocco, and the proposed border wall between Mexico and the US. Saddiki’s detailed analysis explores the tensions between the rise of globalisation, which some have argued will lead to a "borderless world” and "the end of the nation-state”, and the rapid development in recent decades of border control systems. Saddiki examines both regular and irregular cross-border activities, including the flow of people, goods, ideas, drugs, weapons, capital, and information, and explores the disparities that are reflected by barriers to such activities. He considers the consequences of the construction of physical and virtual walls, including their impact on international relations and the rise of the multi-billion dollar security market. World of Walls: The Structure, Roles and Effectiveness of Separation Barriers is important reading for all those interested in the topics of immigration, border security, international relations, and policy.