Maxwell S Demon

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Maxwell's Demon

Maxwell's Demon Pdf/ePub eBook Author: ,
Editor: HarperCollins
ISBN: 1443428620
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Maxwell's Demon by , Summary

This autumn, life is catching up with Thomas Quinn. Five years ago, his sometime friend Andrew Black wrote a mystery novel that sold a million copies and then disappeared. Now could it be that Quinn is being stalked by the hero of Black’s book? His wife, Imogen, usually has the answers, but she’s working on the other side of the world and talking to her on webcam just isn’t the same. Quinn finds himself in a world that might well be coming apart at the seams. If he can find Black, he might start finding answers. Maxwell’s Demon forges an entirely new blend of mystery—somewhere between detective fiction, ghost story and philosophical quest. Providing the same white-knuckle thrills as Hall’s first novel, The Raw Shark Texts, this new book is also a freewheeling investigation into the magic power locked inside the alphabet, love through the looking glass, the bond between parents and children and, at its heart, the quest for meaning in a world that, with each passing season, seems to become more chaotic and untidy.

Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing

Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420033999
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Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing by Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex Summary

Over 130 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell introduced his hypothetical "demon" as a challenge to the scope of the second law of thermodynamics. Fascination with the demon persisted throughout the development of statistical and quantum physics, information theory, and computer science, and links have been established between Maxwell's demon and each of

Maxwell's Demon and the Golden Apple

Maxwell's Demon and the Golden Apple Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Randall L. Schweller
Editor: JHU Press
ISBN: 1421412780
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Maxwell's Demon and the Golden Apple by Randall L. Schweller Summary

Maxwell’s Demon and the Golden Apple will appeal to leaders of multinational corporations and government programs as well as instructors of undergraduate courses in international relations.

Professor Maxwell’s Duplicitous Demon

Professor Maxwell’s Duplicitous Demon Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Brian Clegg
Editor: Icon Books
ISBN: 178578496X
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Professor Maxwell’s Duplicitous Demon by Brian Clegg Summary

Asked to name a great physicist, most people would mention Newton or Einstein, Feynman or Hawking. But ask a physicist and there’s no doubt that James Clerk Maxwell will be near the top of the list. Maxwell, an unassuming Victorian Scotsman, explained how we perceive colour. He uncovered the way gases behave. And, most significantly, he transformed the way physics was undertaken in his explanation of the interaction of electricity and magnetism, revealing the nature of light and laying the groundwork for everything from Einstein’s special relativity to modern electronics. Along the way, he set up one of the most enduring challenges in physics, one that has taxed the best minds ever since. ‘Maxwell’s demon’ is a tiny but thoroughly disruptive thought experiment that suggests the second law of thermodynamics, the law that governs the flow of time itself, can be broken. This is the story of a groundbreaking scientist, a great contributor to our understanding of the way the world works, and his duplicitous demon.

The Demon in the Machine

The Demon in the Machine Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Davies
Editor: Penguin UK
ISBN: 0241309603
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The Demon in the Machine by Paul Davies Summary

'A gripping new drama in science ... if you want to understand how the concept of life is changing, read this' Professor Andrew Briggs, University of Oxford When Darwin set out to explain the origin of species, he made no attempt to answer the deeper question: what is life? For generations, scientists have struggled to make sense of this fundamental question. Life really does look like magic: even a humble bacterium accomplishes things so dazzling that no human engineer can match it. And yet, huge advances in molecular biology over the past few decades have served only to deepen the mystery. So can life be explained by known physics and chemistry, or do we need something fundamentally new? In this penetrating and wide-ranging new analysis, world-renowned physicist and science communicator Paul Davies searches for answers in a field so new and fast-moving that it lacks a name, a domain where computing, chemistry, quantum physics and nanotechnology intersect. At the heart of these diverse fields, Davies explains, is the concept of information: a quantity with the power to unify biology with physics, transform technology and medicine, and even to illuminate the age-old question of whether we are alone in the universe. From life's murky origins to the microscopic engines that run the cells of our bodies, The Demon in the Machine is a breath-taking journey across the landscape of physics, biology, logic and computing. Weaving together cancer and consciousness, two-headed worms and bird navigation, Davies reveals how biological organisms garner and process information to conjure order out of chaos, opening a window on the secret of life itself.

Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon

Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Matthew Stanley
Editor: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022616490X
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Huxley's Church and Maxwell's Demon by Matthew Stanley Summary

During the Victorian period, the practice of science shifted from a religious context to a naturalistic one. It is generally assumed that this shift occurred because naturalistic science was distinct from and superior to theistic science. Yet as Huxley’s Church and Maxwell’s Demon reveals, most of the methodological values underlying scientific practice were virtually identical for the theists and the naturalists: each agreed on the importance of the uniformity of natural laws, the use of hypothesis and theory, the moral value of science, and intellectual freedom. But if scientific naturalism did not rise to dominance because of its methodological superiority, then how did it triumph? Matthew Stanley explores the overlap and shift between theistic and naturalistic science through a parallel study of two major scientific figures: James Clerk Maxwell, a devout Christian physicist, and Thomas Henry Huxley, the iconoclast biologist who coined the word agnostic. Both were deeply engaged in the methodological, institutional, and political issues that were crucial to the theistic-naturalistic transformation. What Stanley’s analysis of these figures reveals is that the scientific naturalists executed a number of strategies over a generation to gain control of the institutions of scientific education and to reimagine the history of their discipline. Rather than a sudden revolution, the similarity between theistic and naturalistic science allowed for a relatively smooth transition in practice from the old guard to the new.

Theory of Heat

Theory of Heat Pdf/ePub eBook Author: James Clerk Maxwell
Editor: Prabhat Prakashan
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Theory of Heat by James Clerk Maxwell Summary

The A I M of this book is to exhibit the scientific connexion of the various steps by which our knowledge of the phenomena of heat has been extended. T h e first of these steps is the invention of the thermometer, by which the registration and comparison of temperatures is rendered possible.

Thermodynamics in the Quantum Regime

Thermodynamics in the Quantum Regime Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Felix Binder,Luis A. Correa,Christian Gogolin,Janet Anders,Gerardo Adesso
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319990462
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Thermodynamics in the Quantum Regime by Felix Binder,Luis A. Correa,Christian Gogolin,Janet Anders,Gerardo Adesso Summary

Quantum Thermodynamics is a novel research field which explores the emergence of thermodynamics from quantum theory and addresses thermodynamic phenomena which appear in finite-size, non-equilibrium and finite-time contexts. Blending together elements from open quantum systems, statistical mechanics, quantum many-body physics, and quantum information theory, it pinpoints thermodynamic advantages and barriers emerging from genuinely quantum properties such as quantum coherence and correlations. Owing to recent experimental efforts, the field is moving quickly towards practical applications, such as nano-scale heat devices, or thermodynamically optimised protocols for emergent quantum technologies. Starting from the basics, the present volume reviews some of the most recent developments, as well as some of the most important open problems in quantum thermodynamics. The self-contained chapters provide concise and topical introductions to researchers who are new to the field. Experts will find them useful as a reference for the current state-of-the-art. In six sections the book covers topics such as quantum heat engines and refrigerators, fluctuation theorems, the emergence of thermodynamic equilibrium, thermodynamics of strongly coupled systems, as well as various information theoretic approaches including Landauer's principle and thermal operations. It concludes with a section dedicated to recent quantum thermodynamics experiments and experimental prospects on a variety of platforms ranging from cold atoms to photonic systems, and NV centres.

Science and Information Theory

Science and Information Theory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Leon Brillouin
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486316416
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Science and Information Theory by Leon Brillouin Summary

Classic source for exploring connections between information theory and physics. Geared toward upper-level undergraduates and graduate students. Applies principles of information theory to Maxwell's demon, thermodynamics, and measurement problems. 1962 edition.

Thermodynamics of Information Processing in Small Systems

Thermodynamics of Information Processing in Small Systems Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Takahiro Sagawa
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 4431541683
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Thermodynamics of Information Processing in Small Systems by Takahiro Sagawa Summary

This thesis presents a general theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics for information processing. Ever since Maxwell's demon was proposed in the nineteenth century, the relationship between thermodynamics and information has attracted much attention because it concerns the foundation of the second law of thermodynamics. From the modern point of view, Maxwell's demon is formulated as an information processing device that performs measurement and feedback at the level of thermal fluctuations. By unifying information theory, measurement theory, and the recently developed theory of nonequilibrium statistical mechanics, the author has constructed a theory of "information thermodynamics," in which information contents and thermodynamic variables are treated on an equal footing. In particular, the maximum work that can be extracted by the demon and the minimum work that is needed for measurement and information erasure by the demon has been determined. Additionally, generalizations of nonequilibrium relations such as a Jarzynski equality for classical stochastic systems in the presence of feedback control have been derived. One of the generalized equalities has recently been verified experimentally by using sub-micron colloidal particles. The results obtained serve as fundamental principles for information processing in small thermodynamic systems, and are applicable to nanomachines and nanodevices.

The Forger's Daughter

The Forger's Daughter Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Bradford Morrow
Editor: Grove Atlantic
ISBN: 0802149278
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The Forger's Daughter by Bradford Morrow Summary

The author of the acclaimed suspense novel The Forger returns to the dangerously rarified world of literary forgery in this tense sequel. When a scream shatters the summer night outside their country house in the Hudson Valley, reformed literary forger Will and his wife Meghan find their daughter Maisie shaken and bloodied, holding a parcel her attacker demanded she present to her father. Inside is a literary rarity the likes of which few have ever handled, and a letter laying out impossible demands regarding its future. After twenty years on the straight and narrow, Will finds himself ensnared in a plot to counterfeit the rarest book in American literature: Edgar Allan Poe’s Tamerlane, of which only a dozen copies are known to exist. Facing threats from his former nemesis Henry Slader, Will must rely on the artistic skills of his older daughter Nicole to help create a flawless forgery of this Holy Grail of American letters. Part mystery, part case study of the shadowy side of the book trade, and part homage to the writer who invented the detective tale, The Forger’s Daughter draws readers into the diabolically clever—and, for some, inescapable—world of literary forgery.

Energy and Entropy

Energy and Entropy Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harvey S. Leff
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000170349
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Energy and Entropy by Harvey S. Leff Summary

Energy is typically regarded as understandable, despite its multiple forms of storage and transfer. Entropy, however, is an enigma, in part because of the common view that it represents disorder. That view is flawed and hides entropy’s connection with energy. In fact, macroscopic matter stores internal energy, and that matter’s entropy is determined by how the energy is stored. Energy and entropy are intimately linked. Energy and Entropy: A Dynamic Duo illuminates connections between energy and entropy for students, teachers, and researchers. Conceptual understanding is emphasised where possible through examples, analogies, figures, and key points. Features: Qualitative demonstration that entropy is linked to spatial and temporal energy spreading, with equilibrium corresponding to the most equitable distribution of energy, which corresponds to maximum entropy Analysis of energy and entropy of matter and photons, with examples ranging from rubber bands, cryogenic cooling, and incandescent lamps to Hawking radiation of black holes Unique coverage of numerical entropy, the 3rd law of thermodynamics, entropic force, dimensionless entropy, free energy, and fluctuations, from Maxwell's demon to Brownian ratchets, plus attempts to violate the second law of thermodynamics

The Demons of Science

The Demons of Science Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Friedel Weinert
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 3319317083
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The Demons of Science by Friedel Weinert Summary

This book is the first all-encompassing exploration of the role of demons in philosophical and scientific thought experiments. In Part I, the author explains the importance of thought experiments in science and philosophy. Part II considers Laplace’s Demon, whose claim is that the world is completely deterministic. Part III introduces Maxwell’s Demon, who - by contrast - experiences a world that is probabilistic and indeterministic. Part IV explores Nietzsche’s thesis of the cyclic and eternal recurrence of events. In each case a number of philosophical consequences regarding determinism and indeterminism, the arrows of time, the nature of the mind and free will are said to follow from the Demons’s worldviews. The book investigates what these Demons - and others - can and cannot tell us about our world.

Information Dynamics

Information Dynamics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harald Atmanspacher,Herbert Scheingraber
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1489923055
FileSize: 542kb
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Information Dynamics by Harald Atmanspacher,Herbert Scheingraber Summary

Proceedings of a NATO ASI held in Irsee/Kaufbeuren, Germany, June 15--26, 1990

Frontiers of Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics

Frontiers of Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Gerald T. Moore,Marlan O. Scully
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461321816
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Frontiers of Nonequilibrium Statistical Physics by Gerald T. Moore,Marlan O. Scully Summary

The four-week period fran May 20 to June 16, 1984 was an intensive period of advanced study on the foundations and frontiers of nonequili brium statistical physics (NSP). During the first two weeks of this period, an advanced-study course on the "Foundations of NSP" was con ducted in Albuquerque under the sponsorship of the University of New Mexico Center for High-Technology Materials. This was followed by a two-week NATO Advanced Study Insti tute on the "Frontiers of NSP" in Santa Fe under the same directorship. Many Students attended both meetings. This book comprises proceedings based on those lectures and covering a broad spectrum of topics in NSP ranging fran basic problems in quantum measurement theory to analogies between lasers and Darwinian evolution. The various types of quantum distribution functions and their uses are treated by several authors. other tools of NSP, such as Langevin equations, Fokker-Planck equations, and master equations, are developed and applied to areas such as laser physics, plasma physics, Brownian motion, and hydrodynamic instabilities. The properties and experimental detection of squeezed states and antibunching are described, as well as experimental tests of the violation of Bell's inequality. Information theory, mean-field theory, reservoir theory, entropy maximization, and even a novel nonlinear generalization of quantum mechanics are used to discuss nonequilibrium phenanena and the approach toward thermodynamic equilibrium.

Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing

Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex
Editor: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420033999
FileSize: 690kb
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Maxwell's Demon 2 Entropy, Classical and Quantum Information, Computing by Harvey Leff,Andrew F. Rex Summary

Over 130 years ago, James Clerk Maxwell introduced his hypothetical "demon" as a challenge to the scope of the second law of thermodynamics. Fascination with the demon persisted throughout the development of statistical and quantum physics, information theory, and computer science, and links have been established between Maxwell's demon and each of

Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing

Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: T. K. Sarkar,M. Salazar-Palma,Eric L. Mokole
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0470289236
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Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing by T. K. Sarkar,M. Salazar-Palma,Eric L. Mokole Summary

An analysis of the physics of multiantenna systems Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technology is one of the current hot topics in emerging wireless technologies. This book fills the important need for an authoritative reference on the merits of MIMO systems based on physics and provides a sound theoretical basis for its practical implementation. The book also addresses the important issues related to broadband adaptive processing. Written by three internationally known researchers, Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing: Provides a thorough discussion of the physical and mathematical principles involved in MIMO and adaptive systems Examines the electromagnetic framework of wireless communications systems Uses Maxwell's theory to provide a system-based framework for the abstract concept of channel capacity Performs various numerical simulations to observe how a typical system will behave in practice Provides a mathematical formulation for broadband adaptive processing and direction-of-arrival estimation using real antenna arrays Integrates signal processing and electromagnetics to address the performance of realistic multiantenna systems With Physics of Multiantenna Systems and Broadband Processing, communication systems engineers, graduate students, researchers, and developers will gain a thorough, scientific understanding of this important new technology.

Information Thermodynamics on Causal Networks and its Application to Biochemical Signal Transduction

Information Thermodynamics on Causal Networks and its Application to Biochemical Signal Transduction Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Sosuke Ito
Editor: Springer
ISBN: 981101664X
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Information Thermodynamics on Causal Networks and its Application to Biochemical Signal Transduction by Sosuke Ito Summary

In this book the author presents a general formalism of nonequilibrium thermodynamics with complex information flows induced by interactions among multiple fluctuating systems. The author has generalized stochastic thermodynamics with information by using a graphical theory. Characterizing nonequilibrium dynamics by causal networks, he has obtained a novel generalization of the second law of thermodynamics with information that is applicable to quite a broad class of stochastic dynamics such as information transfer between multiple Brownian particles, an autonomous biochemical reaction, and complex dynamics with a time-delayed feedback control. This study can produce further progress in the study of Maxwell’s demon for special cases. As an application to these results, information transmission and thermodynamic dissipation in biochemical signal transduction are discussed. The findings presented here can open up a novel biophysical approach to understanding information processing in living systems.

Lectures On Statistical Mechanics

Lectures On Statistical Mechanics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Berthold-georg Englert
Editor: World Scientific
ISBN: 9811224595
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Lectures On Statistical Mechanics by Berthold-georg Englert Summary

These lecture notes cover Statistical Mechanics at the level of advanced undergraduates or postgraduates. After a review of thermodynamics, statistical ensembles are introduced, then applied to ideal gases, including degenerate gases of bosons and fermions, followed by a treatment of systems with interaction, of real gases, and of stochastic processes.The book offers a comprehensive and detailed, as well as self-contained, account of material that can and has been covered in a one-semester course for students with a basic understanding of thermodynamics and a solid background in classical mechanics.