The Art Of Doing Science And Engineering Learning To Learn

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The Book of Why

The Book of Why Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Judea Pearl,Dana Mackenzie
Editor: Basic Books
ISBN: 0465097618
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The Book of Why by Judea Pearl,Dana Mackenzie Summary

A Turing Award-winning computer scientist and statistician shows how understanding causality has revolutionized science and will revolutionize artificial intelligence "Correlation is not causation." This mantra, chanted by scientists for more than a century, has led to a virtual prohibition on causal talk. Today, that taboo is dead. The causal revolution, instigated by Judea Pearl and his colleagues, has cut through a century of confusion and established causality -- the study of cause and effect -- on a firm scientific basis. His work explains how we can know easy things, like whether it was rain or a sprinkler that made a sidewalk wet; and how to answer hard questions, like whether a drug cured an illness. Pearl's work enables us to know not just whether one thing causes another: it lets us explore the world that is and the worlds that could have been. It shows us the essence of human thought and key to artificial intelligence. Anyone who wants to understand either needs The Book of Why.

How To Do Politics With Art

How To Do Politics With Art Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Violaine Roussel,Anurima Banerji
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317120965
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How To Do Politics With Art by Violaine Roussel,Anurima Banerji Summary

A major issue in the relation of art to the rest of society is the question of how art penetrates politics. From the perspective of most art scholars, this is a question of aesthetics—whether politics necessarily pollutes and debases the quality of the arts. From the perspective of social science, it has been primarily a question of meaning—how political messages are conveyed through artistic media. Recent work has begun to broaden the study of the arts and politics beyond semiosis and content focus. Several strands of scholarship are converging around the general issue of the social relationships within which art takes political form, that is, how art and artists do politics. This perspective of "doing" moves analysis beyond addressing the meaning of culture, to focus on the ways that art is embedded in—and intervenes in—social relationships, activities, and institutions. This volume brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars from France and the United States to investigate these directions and themes by exploring the question of "how to do politics with art" from a comparative standpoint, putting sociological approaches in conversation with other disciplinary prisms. It will be of interest to scholars of social movements and politicization, the sociology of art, art history, and aesthetics.

Coaching as a Leadership Style

Coaching as a Leadership Style Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert F. Hicks, PhD.
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1136310894
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Coaching as a Leadership Style by Robert F. Hicks, PhD. Summary

The healthcare environment is in flux. On the one hand, doctors are being driven into ever larger group practices by increasing regulatory and administrative burdens and the need for greater negotiating power. At the same time, growing infrastructure costs and the threat of payment reform is pushing them into closer alignment with hospital systems. This rapidly changing environment requires a more sophisticated set of leadership skills. This book introduces a unique and practical coaching style as a way of interacting with colleagues, managing direct-reports, helping others solve problems, responding to change, making effective choices and developing professionally. It draws from four evidence-based models for interacting with others and facilitating change - solution-focused therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and transactional analysis – and reframes them so that they are congruent with managerial and leadership terminology and provide a practical set of methods and tools for today’s healthcare leader.

The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data

The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Christian Bird,Tim Menzies,Thomas Zimmermann
Editor: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124115438
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The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data by Christian Bird,Tim Menzies,Thomas Zimmermann Summary

The Art and Science of Analyzing Software Data provides valuable information on analysis techniques often used to derive insight from software data. This book shares best practices in the field generated by leading data scientists, collected from their experience training software engineering students and practitioners to master data science. The book covers topics such as the analysis of security data, code reviews, app stores, log files, and user telemetry, among others. It covers a wide variety of techniques such as co-change analysis, text analysis, topic analysis, and concept analysis, as well as advanced topics such as release planning and generation of source code comments. It includes stories from the trenches from expert data scientists illustrating how to apply data analysis in industry and open source, present results to stakeholders, and drive decisions. Presents best practices, hints, and tips to analyze data and apply tools in data science projects Presents research methods and case studies that have emerged over the past few years to further understanding of software data Shares stories from the trenches of successful data science initiatives in industry

Digital Filters

Digital Filters Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Richard W. Hamming
Editor: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486319245
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Digital Filters by Richard W. Hamming Summary

Introductory text examines role of digital filtering in many applications, particularly computers. Focus on linear signal processing; some consideration of roundoff effects, Kalman filters. Only calculus, some statistics required.

The Year of the French

The Year of the French Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Thomas Flanagan
Editor: New York Review of Books
ISBN: 1590176863
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The Year of the French by Thomas Flanagan Summary

In 1798, Irish patriots, committed to freeing their country from England, landed with a company of French troops in County Mayo, in westernmost Ireland. They were supposed to be an advance guard, followed by other French ships with the leader of the rebellion, Wolfe Tone. Briefly they triumphed, raising hopes among the impoverished local peasantry and gathering a group of supporters. But before long the insurgency collapsed in the face of a brutal English counterattack. Very few books succeed in registering the sudden terrible impact of historical events; Thomas Flanagan’s is one. Subtly conceived, masterfully paced, with a wide and memorable cast of characters, The Year of the French brings to life peasants and landlords, Protestants and Catholics, along with old and abiding questions of secular and religious commitments, empire, occupation, and rebellion. It is quite simply a great historical novel. Named the most distinguished work of fiction in 1979 by the National Book Critics’ Circle.

Hackers & Painters

Hackers & Painters Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Paul Graham
Editor: \"O\'Reilly Media, Inc.\"
ISBN: 9780596550660
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Hackers & Painters by Paul Graham Summary

"The computer world is like an intellectual Wild West, in which you can shoot anyone you wish with your ideas, if you're willing to risk the consequences. " --from Hackers & Painters: Big Ideas from the Computer Age, by Paul Graham We are living in the computer age, in a world increasingly designed and engineered by computer programmers and software designers, by people who call themselves hackers. Who are these people, what motivates them, and why should you care? Consider these facts: Everything around us is turning into computers. Your typewriter is gone, replaced by a computer. Your phone has turned into a computer. So has your camera. Soon your TV will. Your car was not only designed on computers, but has more processing power in it than a room-sized mainframe did in 1970. Letters, encyclopedias, newspapers, and even your local store are being replaced by the Internet. Hackers & Painters: Big Ideas from the Computer Age, by Paul Graham, explains this world and the motivations of the people who occupy it. In clear, thoughtful prose that draws on illuminating historical examples, Graham takes readers on an unflinching exploration into what he calls "an intellectual Wild West." The ideas discussed in this book will have a powerful and lasting impact on how we think, how we work, how we develop technology, and how we live. Topics include the importance of beauty in software design, how to make wealth, heresy and free speech, the programming language renaissance, the open-source movement, digital design, internet startups, and more.

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Robert M. Pirsig
Editor: Harper Collins
ISBN: 0061907995
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Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert M. Pirsig Summary

Acclaimed as one of the most exciting books in the history of American letters, this modern epic became an instant bestseller upon publication in 1974, transforming a generation and continuing to inspire millions. This 25th Anniversary Quill Edition features a new introduction by the author; important typographical changes; and a Reader's Guide that includes discussion topics, an interview with the author, and letters and documents detailing how this extraordinary book came to be. A narration of a summer motorcycle trip undertaken by a father and his son, the book becomes a personal and philosophical odyssey into fundamental questions of how to live. The narrator's relationship with his son leads to a powerful self-reckoning; the craft of motorcycle maintenance leads to an austerely beautiful process for reconciling science, religion, and humanism. Resonant with the confusions of existence, Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance is a touching and transcendent book of life.

How We Learn

How We Learn Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Stanislas Dehaene
Editor: Penguin
ISBN: 0525559892
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How We Learn by Stanislas Dehaene Summary

“There are words that are so familiar they obscure rather than illuminate the thing they mean, and ‘learning’ is such a word. It seems so ordinary, everyone does it. Actually it’s more of a black box, which Dehaene cracks open to reveal the awesome secrets within.”--The New York Times Book Review An illuminating dive into the latest science on our brain's remarkable learning abilities and the potential of the machines we program to imitate them The human brain is an extraordinary learning machine. Its ability to reprogram itself is unparalleled, and it remains the best source of inspiration for recent developments in artificial intelligence. But how do we learn? What innate biological foundations underlie our ability to acquire new information, and what principles modulate their efficiency? In How We Learn, Stanislas Dehaene finds the boundary of computer science, neurobiology, and cognitive psychology to explain how learning really works and how to make the best use of the brain’s learning algorithms in our schools and universities, as well as in everyday life and at any age.

The Art of Producing

The Art of Producing Pdf/ePub eBook Author: David Gibson,Maestro B Curtis
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1351252445
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The Art of Producing by David Gibson,Maestro B Curtis Summary

The Art of Producing is the first book to standardize a specific production process for creating a successful music project from start to finish. Learn how to develop a step-by-step process for critiquing all of the musical components that go into creating a highly refined production that works for all styles of music. The book provides a well-rounded perspective on everything that goes into producing, including vital information on how to creatively work with bands, groups and record companies, and offers insight into high level values and secrets that famous producers have developed through years of trial and error. The book covers detailed production techniques for working with today’s latest digital technologies including virtual recording, virtual instruments, and MIDI tracking. Take these concepts, adapt them to your own personal style and you will end up with a successful project of the highest attainable quality with the most potential to be become a hit – or just affect people really deeply.

Healing with the Arts

Healing with the Arts Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Michael Samuels,Mary Rockwood Lane
Editor: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1451696833
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Healing with the Arts by Michael Samuels,Mary Rockwood Lane Summary

Heal yourself and your community with this proven 12-week program that uses the arts to awaken your innate healing abilities. From musicians in hospitals to quilts on the National Mall—art is already healing people all over the world. It is helping veterans recover, improving the quality of life for cancer patients, and bringing communities together to improve their neighborhoods. Now it’s your turn. Through art projects, including visual arts, dance, writing, and music, along with spiritual practices and guided imagery, Healing with the Arts gives you the tools to address what you need to heal in your life—physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual. An acclaimed twelve-week program lauded by hospitals and caretakers from around the world, Healing with the Arts gives you the ability to heal your family and your friends, as well as communities where you’ve always wanted to make a difference. Internationally known leaders in the arts in medicine movement, Michael Samuels, MD, and Mary Rockwood Lane, RN, PhD, show you how to use creativity and self-expression to pave the artist’s path to healing.

Introduction to the New Statistics

Introduction to the New Statistics Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Geoff Cumming,Robert Calin-Jageman
Editor: Routledge
ISBN: 1317483375
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Introduction to the New Statistics by Geoff Cumming,Robert Calin-Jageman Summary

This is the first introductory statistics text to use an estimation approach from the start to help readers understand effect sizes, confidence intervals (CIs), and meta-analysis (‘the new statistics’). It is also the first text to explain the new and exciting Open Science practices, which encourage replication and enhance the trustworthiness of research. In addition, the book explains NHST fully so students can understand published research. Numerous real research examples are used throughout. The book uses today’s most effective learning strategies and promotes critical thinking, comprehension, and retention, to deepen users’ understanding of statistics and modern research methods. The free ESCI (Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals) software makes concepts visually vivid, and provides calculation and graphing facilities. The book can be used with or without ESCI. Other highlights include: - Coverage of both estimation and NHST approaches, and how to easily translate between the two. - Some exercises use ESCI to analyze data and create graphs including CIs, for best understanding of estimation methods. -Videos of the authors describing key concepts and demonstrating use of ESCI provide an engaging learning tool for traditional or flipped classrooms. -In-chapter exercises and quizzes with related commentary allow students to learn by doing, and to monitor their progress. -End-of-chapter exercises and commentary, many using real data, give practice for using the new statistics to analyze data, as well as for applying research judgment in realistic contexts. -Don’t fool yourself tips help students avoid common errors. -Red Flags highlight the meaning of "significance" and what p values actually mean. -Chapter outlines, defined key terms, sidebars of key points, and summarized take-home messages provide a study tool at exam time. -http://www.routledge.com/cw/cumming offers for students: ESCI downloads; data sets; key term flashcards; tips for using SPSS for analyzing data; and videos. For instructors it offers: tips for teaching the new statistics and Open Science; additional homework exercises; assessment items; answer keys for homework and assessment items; and downloadable text images; and PowerPoint lecture slides. Intended for introduction to statistics, data analysis, or quantitative methods courses in psychology, education, and other social and health sciences, researchers interested in understanding the new statistics will also appreciate this book. No familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.

Simula Research Laboratory

Simula Research Laboratory Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Aslak Tveito,Are Magnus Bruaset,Olav Lysne
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642011566
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Simula Research Laboratory by Aslak Tveito,Are Magnus Bruaset,Olav Lysne Summary

When researchers gather around lunch tables, at conferences, or in bars, there are some topics that are more or less compulsory. The discussions are about the ho- less management of the university or the lab where they are working, the lack of funding for important research, politicians’ inability to grasp the potential of a p- ticularly promising ?eld, and the endless series of committees that seem to produce very little progress. It is common to meet excellent researchers claiming that they have almost no time to do research because writing applications, lecturing, and - tending to committee work seem to take most of their time. Very few ever come into a position to do something about it. With Simula we have this chance. We were handed a considerable annual grant and more or less left to ourselves to do whatever we thought would produce the best possible results. We wanted to create a place where researchers could have the time and conditions necessary to re?ect over dif?cult problems, uninterrupted by mundane dif?culties; where doctoral students could be properly supervised and learn the craft of research in a well-organized and professional manner; and where entrepreneurs could ?nd professional support in developing their research-based - plications and innovations.

Beyond Calculation

Beyond Calculation Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Peter J. Denning,Robert M. Metcalfe
Editor: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461206855
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Beyond Calculation by Peter J. Denning,Robert M. Metcalfe Summary

In March 1997, the Association for Computing Machinery celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of the electronic computer. Computers are everywhere: in our cars, our homes, our supermarkets, at the office, and at the local hospital. But as the contributors to this volume make clear, the scientific, social and economic impact of computers is only now beginning to be felt. These sixteen invited essays on the future of computing take on a dazzling variety of topics, with opinions from such experts as Gordon Bell, Sherry Turkle, Edsger W. Dijkstra, Paul Abraham, Donald Norman, Franz Alt, and David Gelernter. This brilliantly eclectic collection will fascinate everybody with an interest in computers and where they are leading us.

Scientific Data Mining

Scientific Data Mining Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Chandrika Kamath
Editor: SIAM
ISBN: 9780898717693
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Scientific Data Mining by Chandrika Kamath Summary

Chandrika Kamath describes how techniques from the multi-disciplinary field of data mining can be used to address the modern problem of data overload in science and engineering domains. Starting with a survey of analysis problems in different applications, it identifies the common themes across these domains.

Learning Science by Doing Science

Learning Science by Doing Science Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Alan Colburn
Editor: Corwin Press
ISBN: 150638739X
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Learning Science by Doing Science by Alan Colburn Summary

Time-tested activities to teach the key ideas of science—and turn students into scientists! This witty book adapts classic investigations to help students in grades 3 through 8 truly think and act like scientists. Chapter by chapter, this accessible primer illustrates a “big idea” about the nature of science and offers clear links to the Next Generation Science Standards and its Science and Engineering Practices. You’ll also find: A reader-friendly overview of the NGSS Guidance on adapting the activities to your grade level, including communicating instructions, facilitating discussions, and managing safety concerns Case studies of working scientists to highlight specifics about the science and engineering practices

Regression Analysis with Python

Regression Analysis with Python Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Luca Massaron,Alberto Boschetti
Editor: Packt Publishing Ltd
ISBN: 1783980745
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Regression Analysis with Python by Luca Massaron,Alberto Boschetti Summary

Learn the art of regression analysis with Python About This Book Become competent at implementing regression analysis in Python Solve some of the complex data science problems related to predicting outcomes Get to grips with various types of regression for effective data analysis Who This Book Is For The book targets Python developers, with a basic understanding of data science, statistics, and math, who want to learn how to do regression analysis on a dataset. It is beneficial if you have some knowledge of statistics and data science. What You Will Learn Format a dataset for regression and evaluate its performance Apply multiple linear regression to real-world problems Learn to classify training points Create an observation matrix, using different techniques of data analysis and cleaning Apply several techniques to decrease (and eventually fix) any overfitting problem Learn to scale linear models to a big dataset and deal with incremental data In Detail Regression is the process of learning relationships between inputs and continuous outputs from example data, which enables predictions for novel inputs. There are many kinds of regression algorithms, and the aim of this book is to explain which is the right one to use for each set of problems and how to prepare real-world data for it. With this book you will learn to define a simple regression problem and evaluate its performance. The book will help you understand how to properly parse a dataset, clean it, and create an output matrix optimally built for regression. You will begin with a simple regression algorithm to solve some data science problems and then progress to more complex algorithms. The book will enable you to use regression models to predict outcomes and take critical business decisions. Through the book, you will gain knowledge to use Python for building fast better linear models and to apply the results in Python or in any computer language you prefer. Style and approach This is a practical tutorial-based book. You will be given an example problem and then supplied with the relevant code and how to walk through it. The details are provided in a step by step manner, followed by a thorough explanation of the math underlying the solution. This approach will help you leverage your own data using the same techniques.

Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Engineering

Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Engineering Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Khosrow Ghavami,Normando Perazzo Barbosa,Alexandr Zhemchuzhnikov
Editor: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
ISBN: 3038263621
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Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainable Engineering by Khosrow Ghavami,Normando Perazzo Barbosa,Alexandr Zhemchuzhnikov Summary

Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 14th International Conference on Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies Construction Materials and Technologies for Sustainability (14th NOCMAT 2013) March 24-27, 2013, Joao Pessoa, Brazil. The 84 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Bamboo and Wood; Chapter 2: Earthen Materials and Constructions; Chapter 3: Cement, Mortar and Concrete; Chapter 4: Standards, Guidelines and Policy Issues; Chapter 5: Composites Reinforced with Vegetable Fibers; Chapter 6: Structural Integrity and Durability; Chapter 7: Advances in Research Methodologies and Material Testing; Chapter 8: Recycling of Industrial, Agricultural and Urban Waste; Chapter 9: Affordable Housing Using Low Cost Energy Saving Materials

Differentiated Instruction for the Middle School Science Teacher

Differentiated Instruction for the Middle School Science Teacher Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Joan D'Amico,Kate Gallaway
Editor: John Wiley and Sons
ISBN: 9780470585177
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Differentiated Instruction for the Middle School Science Teacher by Joan D'Amico,Kate Gallaway Summary

An indispensable guide for middle school science teachers who have inclusive classrooms The third volume in the Differentiated Instruction series, Differentiated Instruction for the Middle School Science Teacher offers teachers proven techniques for designing and delivering effective science instruction, measuring success, getting students to work together, and collaborating with other professionals. The ready-to-use activities are tied to core curriculum standards for middle school students and each lesson incorporates adaptations for students with different learning needs. Includes strategies for teaching a standards-based science curriculum Contains a wealth of activities that can be adapted for learners of all abilities Offers information for delivering effective instruction, measuring success, and student collaboration The authors, both experienced teachers, offer a range of techniques, such as station/group activities, enrichment activities, and modifications for students with specific disabilities.

How to Succeed in College and Beyond

How to Succeed in College and Beyond Pdf/ePub eBook Author: Daniel R. Schwarz
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118974824
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How to Succeed in College and Beyond by Daniel R. Schwarz Summary

How to Succeed in College and Beyond is an insightful, inspired guide to the undergraduate experience that helps students balance the joy of learning with the necessity of career preparation. Features a wealth of advice for getting the most from an undergraduate education, especially inthe areas of arts and humanities, written by an experienced educator and mentor Covers the entire undergraduate experience, from high school preparation, applications,financial aid, each undergraduate year from freshman to senior, junior year abroad course selection, and extra-curricular activities, to independent study, honors essays, graduate school, dissertations, and career searches Discusses the benefits of pursuing an arts and humanities degree including how to write effectively, speak articulately, and think critically and discusses how to balance the joy and practicality of education in terms of getting vocationally-focused qualifications. Packed with information that is as helpful to students as it is to their parents, teachers, and advisors, this guide is a indispensible resource for prospective and present undergraduates